As a native Chinese speaker, what we usually do is spell out the word in pieces. So each character can be broken down into smaller pieces which we have a name for. So we say like the top portion is X and the left side is Y. Or “it’s just like X, but with Y added on the top and 3 dots on the left.
Aside from kanji, the the japanese written language (hiragana & katakana) is phonetic just like the western alphabet. In fact, it’s even more phonetic then English, considering that many English words aren’t pronounced via their letters, but historical roots of the word.
/u/refllect + /u/mcmeaty